Below you will find sections for Succulents/Cacti, Air Plants and Houseplant care. Troubleshooting located at the end of this page.
Succulents and Cacti are relatively easy to care for once you understand a bit about them! Succulents originally came from dry, arid climates such as deserts. One of the reasons succulents are so popular is because of their low maintenance and less frequent watering needs. They are slow growing and don't mind being grouped with other succulents and cacti. Succulents store water in their leaves and like their roots to be surrounded by dry soil once they have taken in the water they need! Don't be concerned if the bottom leaves shrivel and die. This is how most succulents grow. As long as the center (newest growth) of the succulent looks good, then the succulent is healthy.
In the spring/summer while succulents and cacti are actively growing, water them about every 7-10 days. When watering be sure to water at the base of the plant so the roots get wet. You should only give each succulent about 1-2 Tablespoons of water. You may need to adjust the water amount and frequency. The most important thing is that you allow your succulents and cacti to dry up between waterings.
Over watering will cause root rot and kill your succulents and cacti quickly. If you notice your succulent becoming mushy or the leaves turning yellow and falling off easily, withhold water until the soil dries out.
If you notice the leaves begin to wrinkle and wilt, give a little more water and it should plump back up. It is easier to bring back a succulent that has been under watered rather than over watered.
As a general rule, just remember that succulents and cacti want to be dry. They do need water to survive, but will die if they sit in wet soil. If you aren't sure if your succulents and cacti need water, feel the soil near the roots to check if there is any moisture. If not, you should be safe to give 1-2 Tablespoons.
Keep an eye on your succulents for signs of over or under watering. They will show signs of both issues so you can fix the problem! There is a list at the end of this page to help you diagnose some common issues.
During the winter months succulents are not actively growing and therefore don't require watering as often. You can go even longer between watering times. Water if the leaves look wrinkled/wilted. You will be surprised how long you can go between watering in the winter!
Succulents and cacti need about 6 hours of sunlight daily. They like bright, yet indirect sunlight. If they are in a window sill watch out for burnt looking leaves. This can happen if the window gets too hot. Also, if you keep them in a window sill during the winter months check to make sure there is not a cold draft coming through your window. Succulents do not like the cold and this could kill them if not noticed in time. If they are in a lot of light they may dry out quicker and need a little extra water. Keep an eye on the leaves for signs of drying out.
If your succulents aren't getting enough light they will start to stretch towards the light and begin to look "leggy." If this happens, move them to a location with more sunlight. You may need to move your succulents and cacti around to find the perfect spot where they will do best. South and East facing windows provide the most sunlight.
Air plants do best with fresh air flow and indirect light. They do not need soil. Water your air plant by soaking in room temp water for 10 minutes. After removing from water, lightly shake off excess water. Water your air plant once a week for them to thrive in your environment!
Aim to keep your plants in a warm environment with some air circulation. The goal is to get as close to creating their natural habitat as possible. Near windows with good sunlight is best. Keep plants away from cold drafts in the winter. If your plant is in a sunny location, it is important to rotate regularly for even growth. About 1/4 turn once a week. Use a damp cloth to wipe down the leaves of your houseplant occasionally to prevent
buildup and dust. Trim dead materials off to prevent bacteria and fungus. Once your plant has outgrown your container you should repot into a container 1-2”
bigger in diameter than your previous pot.
If you planted in a container without drainage holes, you will want to be careful not to overwater. You don’t want the water to collect at the bottom and rot the roots. Water slow and sparingly so that the water gets evenly distributed through the soil without pooling at the bottom. Plants do NOT like to have “wet feet”(roots). Most plants would rather be slightly dry than soaking wet. Start with watering 1-2 times a week. Give about 1/2 cup of lukewarm water slowly. Also, a light misting from a spray bottle every few days is usually beneficial. Check soil every few days to see how fast it is drying out. Some types of plants want more water, and some less. Feel the soil before watering. If the soil is dry, then water. If damp, then hold off. Adjust water frequency and amount as needed. Seasons changing will affect how long you should wait between waterings. Get to know your plant’s needs by checking on it every few days
Light is just as important as water for houseplants! The more light the better! The soil needs to dry out properly when planting in containers without drainage holes, and needs bright light to do so. Houseplants typically require 4-6 hours of light a day. Some like a little less. Depending on the type of plant, they might like bright direct light, or indirect filtered light. If they are in a bright sunny spot they may need more frequent watering since they will be drying out faster!
Once a month during their growing season (spring and summer months) we recommend using an organic fertilizer. Organic fertilizer is best for houseplants that are planted in containers without drainage holes. If using other fertilizers, the salt may collect in your container and cause chemical burn. Use half of the recommended dose of plant food. Overfeeding makes plants susceptible to insects and disease.
Too much water can cause the leaves to swell, become soft and mushy, and fall off. The stem can also appear puffy.
What to do:
Withhold watering until dried out. You may even need to replant with dry soil to save the succulent.
Watering issues can cause yellow leaves. Over watering and under watering can both cause leaves to turn yellow. If the leaves are also mushy and swollen it has been over watered. If the leaves are shriveling and wilting, and you haven't watered in awhile, then it is most likely under watered.
What to do:
Adjust watering techniques. If you suspect that you have over watered, water less and allow soil to dry out in between waterings. If you suspect you have under watered, water more thoroughly, but allow to dry out before next watering.
The main cause of wrinkled/wilting leaves is under watering.
* over watering can also cause leaves to wrinkle, but instead of a shriveled appearance leaves can appear limp, weak, and fall off .The stem can also appear puffy. Water less and allow soil to dry*
What to do:
Water succulent more thoroughly and frequently. During the growing season (spring/summer) succulents need a little more water. Be sure to allow soil to dry out between waterings.
The most common reason for brown leaves and dark spots is sun damage. This can happen if your succulent is exposed to full direct sunlight. If your succulent is on a window sill it may be getting too much sun and can get sunburnt.
What to do:
Move succulent to a location that doesn't get as much sun. A room that receives bright, yet indirect light is ideal.
The lower leaves of succulents naturally wither and die as the plant grows and produces new leaves from the center of the succulent. You can pull off the bottom dead leaves or wait for them to fall off.
Succulent is not receiving enough light. You may notice your succulent stretching out towards the direction of light. The spaces in between the leaves will get wider and your succulent will look "leggy"
What to do:
Move succulent to a brighter location. South or East facing windows provide the most sunlight. Slowly introduce your succulent to bright light if it was in a low light area.
If the lower portion of your succulent is dark brown or black and is mushy, your succulent has been over watered and is experiencing root rot.
What to do:
This requires immediate attention to hopefully save your succulent. Remove succulent from its pot. Remove and discard all soil. Clean pot thoroughly. Cut infected stem from succulent. Let healthy portion dry on the end of the stem for several days. Replant in lightly moistened, almost dry soil. Water sparingly.
Too much sunlight.
What to do:
Move succulent away from direct sunlight. A room that receives bright, yet indirect sunlight is ideal.